The “Rural Uplift Programme of India” is planned and organized for the rural areas of India. From the name itself, it can be preferred that the overall development of rural areas is the motto of this initiative. According to the census 2011 in India, out of 121 crores of people, 83.3 crores of people live in rural areas and that sums up almost 70% of the people. The economic condition, the lifestyle of these people is very poor. To increase their status, Indian Government started this programme in 1952 under community development programme. The programme is still active and some improvements have been done over the years.
At first, it was a 5-year development programme for the community development category. Nowadays it’s a much-needed initiative in India. Indian Government announced some schemes and takes some states under each scheme. These schemes are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Rashtriya Samaj Vikas Yojana (RSVY), Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP), Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) and there are many more. Right now Indian Government is still giving importance to these schemes and they are spending money. In 2018 already 22,000 crores are transferred to the states under MGNREGS and many more.
The main purpose of this programme is the overall improvement of rural areas. From the economic condition of the village to the lifestyle of people everything is included in the programme. According to statistics, it has been noticed that these people have many problems like low income, poor health, malnutrition, low literacy, high unemployment, a lifestyle filled with dirt, unhygienic and many more. To avoid these problems the community development programme started to build the infrastructure required there and they showed excellent results during the first five years. They build roads, link roads to the main stations and to the urban areas, plants are built, new gas stations are set up, build water tanks and many more. Also, the production of corpses like wheat, rice, barley, cotton etc. has increased at a high rate. As a result, the status of the people has improved. Nowadays the Panchayat is trying to build IT infrastructure in the rural areas, which is the good fruit of the programme.
Undoubtedly this programme is one of the best initiatives taken by the Indian Government. For the first few years the programme was a clear winner but now there are some debates going on about the programme. Let us hope that the Rural Uplift Programme of India become successful and the rural areas in India regain their glory with a strong infrastructure.