For centuries, we have been in a position where we could not decide if our decisions should stand on the grounds of rationality or emotions. We always have been taught that science is rational, skeptical and logical whereas religion associates with courteous beliefs, emotions, and preachments of our ancestors. But on taking a careful look at both of them; we will see that there is no significant difference between them. One who really understands a religion and tries to adhere to the teachings will be able to look at the natural things more logically and derive the best values of nature.
Why has religion been differentiated from science?
Modern historians and philosophers have addressed the relationship between science and religion in both geographical and cultural contexts. Many believe that science has been derived from religion itself. Most scientific methods and technical inventions before the scientific revolution were from societies with religion. Ancient Pagan and Egyptians were known to pioneer scientific methods and all of these were a result of their religious beliefs. For instance, mummification was a religious belief to preserve a pharaoh’s body for a longer duration of time which was possible due to the science of preservation. The concept has made its way into the modern culture of using similar ingredients to preserve food or organic substances. Hinduism is also known as the religion of reason and there are many examples of logical reasoning.
But the overdue course of time, there were different views associated with science and religion where some philosophers believed that the technical innovations were different from their cultural beliefs. Though religion and science are independent, there is a strong correlation between them. It is noteworthy that countries with more faith in religion were technically progressive.
The Conflict between religion and science in the modern scenario
A research by PEW center in 2015 claims that conflicts between science and religion are predominant on the environment in which the people have grown. It is dependent on the beliefs imparted by religious institutions and family culture. According to the study, a majority of religious people had no conflict between science and their religious beliefs in their perception while those not having religious affiliation find the presence of conflict. But the trend is changing again after the period of renaissance towards modern beliefs where religion and science can co-exist. The proposed theory is the “complexity thesis”.